If you are reading this, you must have been born into an already established society with a diplomatic civilization and with solid and concrete laws already set forth.
Anatomy of Law Making
Have you ever wondered about the actual lawmaking process? What do legislators go through in order to pass a bill and get the Head of State sign it to officially turn it into a law?
It always starts with an idea. A law is first an idea before it is processed into a commandment.
It has been an idea formed in a legislator’s mind while thinking of what will be good for us and how to keep us out of harm’s way and keep our lives in healthy shape.
The legislator, on his own or together with a group of his fellow legislators, drafts this idea into a bill. They make extensive researches for writing this bill.
Law Proposal Writing
The written bill proposal then follows. The primary legislative bill author seeks sponsors in the form of support from other lawmakers.
Upon gathering and garnering enough support from the members of the Congress, the bill is then introduced to the committee of experts whose members’ qualifications depend on of the nature of the law to be passed on and the field it covers. Does it have something to do with the agricultural sector, the education industry or commerce?
Just as it takes a lengthy amount of time to draft and finalize the law to be passed on, so do its research, review, and revision, based on the discussions and arguments that arise from it. The bill is meticulously and exhaustively examined for it to be able to make to the floor of the House of Representatives. Reaching the House floor depends on the approval of the authorizing committee.
Passing of the Law
Upon reaching an agreement approving the law to be passed on to the House floor, it is then reported and debated over.
After which, the bill is in for voting. After acquiring the plurality of votes from the Lower House of Representatives, it is sent to the Senate whose members also go through the process of voting for or against the pending law approval.
This, as concisely as it may have been presented in this article, comprises the day job of our elected lawmakers.
Now, let us say, for the sake of this discussion, that it is favored by the majority of the members of the Senate. The bill moves on to the hands of the Head of State.
Finally, the Decisive Signature from the Highest Public Office
So, the bill has endured a lot of legal procedures. It is almost there. It is so close to being part of the body of laws that govern the country.
The President now has the toughest job of picking amongst three decisions which he can make.
He can shove it in his pedestal and do completely nothing about it. In this case, the bill automatically becomes a law after 10 days if the Congress is in session; else, it remains a bill and one that is ignored by the President at that.
He can choose to veto the bill and send it back to the Congress attached with his reasons for refusal to sign.
Lastly, he can sign and pass the bill into officially becoming a law.
The laws governing us and the society where we live in are thoroughly thought out, debated over, fought for, and finally approved by the highest office of the country, in order to secure our human rights, ensure our physical safety, shelter us from attacks from within or outside the borders and ascertain that events and actions happening around are within reason and bound by justice.
This is more than enough reason for us to respect the laws of the land in every manner as a dutiful citizen will do.